UDC 622.82 © A.A. Kulikova, T.A. Kharlamova, E.I. Khabarova, A.M. Kovaleva, 2022
ISSN 0041-5790 (Print) • ISSN 2412-8333 (Online) • Ugol’ – Russian Coal Journal, 2022, № 4, pp. 67-71
ON THE ISSUE OF ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF MICROBIOLOGICAL BIOCENOSES ON THE GEOECOLOGICAL AND GEOTECHNICAL RISKS OF MINING ENTERPRISES
Kulikova A.A.1, Kharlamova T.A.2, Khabarova E.I.3, Kovaleva A.M.1
1National University of Science and Technology ”MISIS” (NUST ”MISIS”), Moscow, 119049, Russian Federation
2MGOU, Moscow,105005, Russian Federation
3Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies, MIREA – Russian Technological University, Moscow, 119234, Russian Federation
Kulikova A.A., Senior Lecturer, e-mail: email@example.com
Kharlamova T.A.,Doctor of Engineering Sciences, Professor, Department of Theoretical and Applied Chemistry, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Khabarova E.I., PhD (Chemical.), Assistant Professor, e-mail: email@example.com
Kovaleva A.M., student, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The widespread occurrence of microorganisms in the underground space is associated with the high adaptation of microorganisms to changing conditions due to the simplicity of their genetic apparatus and the "built-in" mechanism of resistance to various factors, as well as the ability to use various food sources. Therefore, the study of the role of microorganisms in natural and man-made environments makes it possible to use them for solving environmental problems. By varying the conditions for the existence of microorganisms in underground workings, it is possible to capture methane, which is the cause of gas-dynamic phenomena, remove sulfur-containing compounds from coals to prevent acid gas emissions during their combustion, create biogeochemical filters to prevent the spread of harmful substances in the mountain range and groundwater, conduct a more environmentally friendly and deep mining, significantly reducing the potential geoecological and geotechnical risks of mining.
Chemolithoautotrophs, Geochemical activity of microorganisms, Acidification of media, Biocorrosion, Desulfurization, Biodegradation.
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Kulikova A.A., Kharlamova T.A., Khabarova E.I. & Kovaleva A.M. On the issue of assessing the impact of microbiological biocenoses on the geoecological and geotechnical risks of mining enterprises. Ugol’, 2022, (4), pp. 67-71. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.18796/0041-5790-2022-4-67-71.
Received January 13, 2022
Reviewed February 1, 2022
Accepted March 22, 2022